See headings in bold to understand flow and crux
Objectives of Audit as Per SA 200
As per SA 200 “Overall Objectives of the Independent Auditor and the Conduct of an Audit in Accordance with Standards on Auditing”, the purpose of an audit is to enhance the degree of confidence of intended users in the financial statements. This is achieved by the expression of an opinion by the auditor on whether the financial statements are prepared, in all material respects, in accordance with an applicable financial reporting framework. In the case of most general purpose frameworks, that opinion is on whether the financial statements are presented fairly, in all material respects, or give a true and fair view in accordance with the framework.
Scope is Decided by Auditor Keeping in Mind Various Factors
The scope of an audit of financial statements will be determined by the auditor for having regard to the terms of the engagement, the requirement of relevant legislation and the pronouncements of the Institute. The terms of engagement cannot, however, restrict the scope of an audit in relation to matters which are prescribed by legislation or by the pronouncements of the Institute.
The report of the auditor is based on his examination of financial statements and the underlying documents and evidences. It is for the auditor to decide based on his evaluation of the internal control as to its existence and effectiveness. The nature, timing and extent of audit procedure are based on such evaluation.
Case Discussion — Management has no right to restrict course — Else it will be limitation of Scope
In the instant case, management has no right to guide and place any restriction on the work of the auditor as it would amount to restriction on the scope of the audit. The auditor should ask the management not to impose such restriction on his scope of the audit that impairs his ability to examine and express an opinion and if the management does not
agrees, he should issue a qualified opinion or disclaimer, as appropriate.